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H3 arginine 17 citrullination by PADI4 helps in reversing the transcriptional activation brought about by nuclear hormone receptor coactivators and histone arginine methyltransferases and histone deacetylases.(PMID: 15345777). H3 deimination increases rapidly in response to neutrophile acivation stimuli like LPS, TNF, lipoteichoic acid, f-MLP, or hydrogen peroxide and is released to the extracellular space as part of the neutrophil response to infections. (PMID: 18209087) . R17 deimination prevents methylation by CARM1 thus causing transcriptional repression of target genes (PMID: 15339660).

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H3R17ci infosheet
Modified variants Histone H3.1, Histone H3.2, Histone H3.3
Writer/s Protein-arginine deiminase type-4
Disease associations
Inflammatory disease: Multiple sclerosis (MS); PMID: 17079667

Sites of arginine citrullination H2AR3ci, H3R17ci, H3R26ci, H3R2ci, H3R8ci, H4R3ci